The pervasive theoretical shift in how we understand and represent the dynamics of living processes must be seen in the context of the digital age, with the ability of computers and software to process, and model, increasing amounts of information. These tools have greatly expanded our ability to engage the temporal and relational qualities inherent to the dynamic medium of landscape. Accordingly, this landscape project concentrates on new forms of media and their role in the identification and creation of patterns; in particular, it examines techniques that enable a multilayered understanding of pattern as both expression and shaping influence of environmental processes.
The Everglades are called the “River of Grass” because, with a slope of only two inches per mile, it takes months for water to travel one hundred miles from its source to the ocean. Marsh and vegetation pattern of everglade is the dominating landscape of florida area. Factors such as directions and velocities of water flows, swirls in the water, shapes and weights of plants’ seeds, soil types have a huge impact on the sedimentation and vegetation distribution pattern, and form this amazing landscape over time. During the design process, these factors are evaluated. They were used as the input parameters to generate these series of pattern drawings and models to help understand how nature is created and evolved.
In this landscape architecture design project, a Botanic Garden is proposed, it tries to establish a visionary public interface between Miami city and nature. This design proposal combines contemporary site engineering technology with sustainable/dynamic landscape and horticultural design. The landscape design increases the environment dynamics to meet both the tourism and education demands of Miami city. By introducing a new classification method of plants— according to their climate zones, this botanical garden gives visitors a true understanding of how plants grow and how they spread over time.
The traditional landscape changes environment to meet human demands. However, this landscape project tries to guide the environment to evolve in a way which can satisfy the design goals.
Landscape infrastructure are designed and implemented to guide those environment factors such as solar radiation, temperature, humidity and so on. This creates various climate zones, and allows a wide range of native plants to grow. Moreover, these climate zones are changing and respond to the changes of other local environment factors, such as weather, tidal changes. Botanical garden is the program proposed here. Unlike traditional Botanical garden, the plants are supposed to be divided according to their climate zone here. It will meet Miami’s tourism demands. It will also provide a place for university to research how native plants respond to climate/environment changes, which helps the conservation of these native species.
In order to have a control on those environmental factors, seawater green house as a contemporary technology, has been considered. This technology utilized the wind, solar energy and seawater to change humidity, temperature of air and produce fresh water. Simulations shows how this technology can influence the wind direction, create humid or dry air, shade, and then result in different plants distribution pattern. Condenser, porous cardboard, solar heater, these facilities are integrated with landscape infrastructure, creating habitat for different plants, include dry and hot areas, humid and shady area, fresh water stream and pool, humid and warm areas. These different types of environments allow a wide range of native plants to grow and spread. They will change and get flourish in the area where they prefer. This provide a clear context to help visitor to understand these plants and their living environment, help us to know how to preserve them. Both of the two sections — along and perpendicular to the coastline — show how micro climate is created and allows for different species.